Fraxel for Acne Scars

Acnes are formed when oil, bacteria and dead cells get stuck below the skin's surface, stimulating oil secretion due to hormones.

Acne scars, indentations

Improper treatment of acnes, such as inappropriate cleaning, inflammation treatment or squeezing the acnes will leave scars. As the skin and fingers are not sterilized, touching the acnes may worsen the situation. Most patients cannot identify the types and severity of acnes, along with unprofessional techniques, patients may damage the true skin layer, causing enlarged pores or even indentations.

The following are common forms of acne scars:

1. Redness

Due to vasodilation during inflammation, the vessels will remain dilated for a period of time, causing redness on the face, which will fade gradually by itself.

2. Pigmentation after inflammation

Some acnes will cause pigmentation after inflammation, which leave brown or black patches of colors on the face. In general the pigmentations will fade gradually for over a year.

3. Indentations

Severe acne may damage massive amount of the collagen in dermis, causing indentations on the surface, and the larger indentations are called ice picks. Once they are formed, they cannot be removed.

4. Hypertrophic scar

The fibroblasts in the skin are activated to produce collagen for repairing once the dermis is injured. However, in some cases, the over-production of collagen will cause a protruding scarring on the skin. These scars normally will remain in that shape without any further growth.

5. Keloid

Keloid is even more protruding then hypertrophic scaring. It may grow out of the original scar and stretch out. It may also cause itchiness and pain.

Prevention

Although there is nothing to be done with genetic cause of acnes, the following steps may help you maintaining healthy skin.

  1. Using mild, moisturizing soap for face wash in the morning, evening and after exercises
  2. Remove make up before bed
  3. Regular cleaning of makeup tools with soap water, throw away unused or expired cosmetics
  4. Wash hair daily (especially for people with oily hair)
  5. Tying hair at the back, avoid hair touching the face
  6. Avoid squeezing and scratching the acnes to avoid scaring.